Priorities for Refractive Error and Ocular Motility

At a workshop held on 26 April 2013 attended by patients and eye health professionals the following top 10 priorities for refractive error and ocular motility research were identified:


  1. What factors influence the development of refractive error (myopia, astigmatism, presbyopia, and long-sightedness)?
  2. What is the cause of both congenital and acquired nystagmus?
  3. How can the development of binocular vision in young children with squint and amblyopia be promoted, and would the same approach work in older individuals without inducing intractable diplopia?
  4. Would correction of refractive error have a positive impact on early life learning and development?
  5. Does early diagnosis of refractive error improve long-term prognosis and promote faster, more effective treatment?
  6. What is the effect of congenital nystagmus on visual and emotional development?
  7. What is the most effective treatment for exotropia and when should it be delivered?
  8. How can the functional effects of surgical treatment for squint be best assessed?
  9. Could the accurate testing of refractive error be made less dependent on a subjective response, i.e. the person's own response?
  10. How can myopia be prevented?